That was where my personal expertise might help in telling Spinoza's story. My cousin is in danger. But just before entering, he hesitates, turns back to Alfred, and in a not unkind voice whispers, "Rosenberg, you disappointed me, all of us, with your poor judgment in your speech last night. Consider this world where a son smells the odor of his father's burning flesh. ", "What other kind?" And, I gather, certainly not be elevated to headmaster?". "Then," Spinoza continues, "I submit that God has no wishes about how, or even if, we glorify Him. The ERR had some mysterious interest in Spinoza. Alfred enters to see his headmaster and his German teacher seated at one end of a long, dark, heavy wood table. And this strange sense of kinship with Spinoza was strengthened by the knowledge that Einstein, one of my first heroes, was a Spinozist. He looks like everyone and no one. Neben der biographischen Entwicklung Rosenbergs zeigt der andere Handlungsstrang des Romans das Leben Spinozas von seinem Cherem-Ausschluss aus der jüdischen Gemeinde in Amsterdam 1656 bis kurz vor der Veröffentlichung seines ersten Werkes „Der Theologisch-Politische Traktat“. His clothes are of good quality but soiled and wrinkled. Open?" His fingers never touched these books. He talks of killing himself. It swarms with bidders anticipating the auction of all of the artist's possessions. "But the Sabbath? But the last family member had recently died, and the Spinoza Society had promptly purchased the property and was just now beginning reconstruction to incorporate it into the museum. Spinoza’s portrait is fictional. The stone in a former graveyard, does not mark the exact place of his grave. All this gives Irvin Yalom plenty room. ", "But the holy Torah," Jacob insists, ignoring Franco's tugging at his sleeve, "states God's wish that we not work on the Sabbath, that we must spend that holy day offering prayers to Him and performing mitzvahs. Swinging between one and the other keeps the reader entertained awakens his curiosity in the story. One is tall, with a massive, burly head that hangs forward as though it were too heavy to be held erect. Alfred looks dumbfounded. In twenty years he will lay down his pen and grin triumphantly as he finishes the last page of his book, The Myth of the Twentieth Century. Four out of five Dutch Jews murdered by the Nazis! ", "And where was the library kept during the war? "We must see you. What have your scholarly investigations shown you? Back in Amsterdam at Breestraat No. He turns toward Jacob as though to say, "You see, you see? I don't understand. Do you blame me for asking that?" His features are perfect, his olive skin unblemished, his dark eyes large, and soulful. Alfred Ernst Rosenberg (12 January [O.S. I had come at a fortunate time—few visitors had ever seen the other half of the building, for it had been occupied for centuries by a working-class family. But our landlord, a distant cousin, advised against it. In his official report, Rosenberg's officer, the Nazi who did the hands-on looting of the library, added a significant sentence: 'They contain valuable early works of great importance for the exploration of the Spinoza problem. ", I felt stunned. April 29, 2020 admin Medical. and it was the age . the age of reason and science?". la més recent d'Irvin D. Yalom. The books were sold and scattered far and wide, but fortunately, the notary made a complete list of those books prior to the auction, and over two hundred years later a Jewish philanthropist reassembled most of the same titles, the same editions from the same years and cities of publication. Headmaster Epstein motions to Alfred to sit in a chair at the end of the table. My cousin," Jacob clasps Franco's shoulder, "is in crisis. They found pages of the Torah buried in the soil behind our home. He takes a last look around: many shelves are as empty as his pockets. "Yes, of course you can't answer. Why does He permit such things? All this gives Irvin Yalom plenty room. ", "We've been told that you're the one to render help. A few workers plodding home stop for a snack with Dutch gin at the herring stands on the canal and then continue on their way. When sixteen-year-old Alfred Rosenberg is called into his headmaster's office for anti-Semitic remarks he made during a school speech, he is forced, as punishment, to memorize passages about Spinoza from the autobiography of the German poet Goethe. He must have had a strong emotional response to being excommunicated, at the age of twenty-four, by the Jewish community in Amsterdam—an irreversible edict that ordered every Jew, including his own family, to shun him forever. ", "No, here. "Never have I heard such a request. Perhaps he is defiant, but his fists, clenching and relaxing, signal apprehension. Spinoza points at the dusty window through which the half-empty shelves are visible. . Perhaps he had gone too far. It is your duty to a traveler. A psychiatrist with a deep interest in philosophical issues, Yalom jointly tells the story of the seventeenth-century thinker Baruch Spinoza, his philosophy and subsequent excommunication from the Jewish community, and his apparent influence on the Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg, whose einsatzgruppewas dispatched during the Second World War to investigate a mysterious “Spinoz… NEW LOW PRICING! ", "Then surely you would agree that, by definition, a perfect and complete being has no needs, no insufficiencies, no wants, no wishes. Yet, his freedom to think his own thoughts brought him joy unspeakable. This is the man I seek. There is not much left. ", Franco's eyes widen. Its author, Dr. Irvin Yalom, a psychiatrist, examines the minds and behaviors of two people: Baruch Spinoza, a 17 th century Jewish philosopher, and Alfred Rosenberg, a 20 th century Nazi anti-Semitic ideologue. . Good. Spinoza’s curiosity took him beyond his cultural and customs, and even his community when he was ex-communicated. Alfred Rosenberg en Spinoza: de nazi en de vrijdenker Michiel Wielema In Irving D. Yaloms nieuwste roman Het raadsel Spinoza wordt verhaald hoe de ideoloog van het naziregime Alfred Rosenberg (1893-1946) zijn leven lang gefascineerd was door de problematische genialiteit van Spinoza. Das Opus Magnum des großen amerikanischen Psychoanalytikers und Bestsellerautors Irvin D. Yalom Der jüdische Philosoph Spinoza und der nationalsozialistische Politiker Alfred Rosenberg – nicht nur Jahrhunderte liegen zwischen ihnen, auch ihre Weltanschauungen könnten unterschiedlicher nicht sein. Lange wurde gerätselt, ob der glühende Antisemit Rosenberg möglicherweise selbst jüdische Vorfahren hatte. The other, dressed in tattered peasant's clothes, stands behind his companion. He is a near-man with a whole life ahead of him. The solution came to him when he discovered that the entire private library of Spinoza was stolen by the Nazis in under orders of Alfred Rosenberg, in many ways the ideological leader of national socialism. ." fictional foray into philosophy connects Baruch Spinoza and an agent of the Holocaust.The Nazi is Alfred Rosenberg, historical figure, war criminal sent to Nuremberg’s gallows, and philosopher-manqué and self-styled intellectual catalyst of German fascism. ", "A salt mine? "Rabbi Mortera is our spiritual leader. Upon the bench fidgets the sixteen-year-old Alfred Rosenberg, who is uncertain why he has been summoned to the headmaster's office. Late in that century, measures were passed in Germany to transform Jews into German citizens, and they were compelled to choose and pay for German names. I entered the Spinoza Museum in Rijnsburg, about a forty-five-minute drive from Amsterdam, with keen anticipation, looking for—what? “Irvin Yalom’s The Spinoza Problem is an amazing novel that combines fact and fiction in a spell-binding manner. He wants to gaze out the window, midway down the table, but looks up apprehensively at the headmaster. I only said there were rumors—", "Rumors you were glad to spread, to your own personal advantage in the election. Headmaster Epstein pauses and then barks, "Rosenberg, do you know when and what the Enlightenment was? Is your name a Jewish name also? ", Glancing at Herr Schäfer and with a prayer in his voice, Alfred answers meekly, "Eighteenth century and . It's merely an image from some artist's imagination, derived from a few lines of written description. Psychotherapy.net is pleased to publish this exclusive excerpt, as well as offer, Confronting Death and Other Existential Issues in Psychotherapy, Existential-Humanistic Psychotherapy in Action, Irvin Yalom: Foundations of My Life and Work, Asperger's Syndrome / Autism Spectrum Disorder. And what was their Spinoza problem? He is punished by having to memorise passages from the autobiography of Goethe — and is stunned to discover that his idol was a great admirer of the … I am taking Franco, for he must return to his faith. When sixteen-year-old Alfred Rosenberg is called into his headmaster’s office for anti-Semitic remarks he made during a school speech, he is forced, as punishment, to memorize passages about Spinoza from the autobiography of the German poet Goethe. Yes? Herr Schäfer's instruction has not been entirely lost on you. A firestorm outside! Perhaps he should have stopped there. "And yet you called me and my wife Jews," the headmaster continues. His reverie is interrupted by the opening of the massive ten-foot-high door and Headmaster Epstein's booming voice, "Herr Rosenberg, bitte, herein.". What was the Nazi Spinoza problem?". '. But my reverie was soon interrupted by my host: "Of course, Dr. Yalom, his possessions—bed, clothes, shoes, pens and books—were auctioned off after his death to pay funeral expenses. I asked. says Jacob, but then immediately reverses himself. ", "I will follow your example, sir, and speak of my ancestry. My hosts permitted me free access, and I picked up one seventeenth-century book after another, smelling and holding them, thrilled to touch objects that had once been touched by Spinoza's hands. All religious ritual. Amsterdam moves slowly: the city mourns, still recovering from the plague that, only a few months earlier, killed one person in nine. . Baruch Spinoza (1632 - 1677) war ein Außenseiter in der jüdischen Gemeinschaft/Gesellschaft. But now here I am before you, not in general but in particular. As a psychiatrist, I felt convinced that he could not have written this section unless he had experienced a conscious struggle with his own passions. If there were drawings of Spinoza made during his lifetime, none have survived.". And tell me, Rosenberg, the rumors are grounded in what facts? . ", Place: A bench in the main corridor outside Headmaster Epstein's office in the Petri-Realschule. I wondered if this Nazi, Alfred Rosenberg, had also, in his own way, for his own reasons, been looking for Spinoza. Even the presence of God. Perhaps a story. "So, Rosenberg, I'm of Jewish ancestry, am I? He told us that Rabbi Mortera is severe with doubters, that he believes all Jews in Portugal who converted to Christianity face eternal damnation, even if they were forced to choose between conversion and death. ", "No—miraculously these books survived and were returned here after the war with just a few missing copies. "Uh. Or 50 percent? "You mean that books had to be purchased again and the library reassembled a second time? ", Spinoza turns and speaks gently, as a teacher to a young student, "Tell me, Jacob, do you believe that God is all powerful? Let me give you some facts about names. They carted it all away, then sealed and expropriated the museum. Spinoza has long intrigued me, and for years I've wanted to write about this valiant seventeenth-century thinker, so alone in the world—without a family, without a community—who authored books that truly changed the world. Buy the selected items together This item: It is a historical fact that Rosenberg confiscated Spinoza’s library during one of his many raids though Europe. No dark circles surround his eyes—they will come later. I had to flee Portugal just as your father and your family had to flee, to escape the Inquisition. The money had nothing to do with it. In nine years he will hear a stirring speech at a meeting of the German Workers' Party by a new prospect, a veteran of World War I named Adolf Hitler, and Alfred will join the party shortly after Hitler. All Epsteins are Jews, is that it? He anticipated secularization, the liberal democratic political state, and the rise of natural science, and he paved the way for the Enlightenment. "Irvin Yalom's The Spinoza Problem is an amazing novel that combines fact and fiction in a spell-binding manner. Even so, I continue to believe you are not without promise. It is noticeably smaller than the two tall-backed chairs at the other end. ", Franco, who had been staring at the ground as Jacob spoke, now lifts his eyes and utters his first words: "I ask for little, for only a few words with you. ", "My younger brother, Gabriel, represents the Spinoza family at the synagogue. ", "And who has misled you by sending you here? He has long, matted hair, dark eyes, a strong chin and forceful nose. Or just some? Only an incomparably gifted author could write such a fascinating and thought-provoking novel. The stone in a former graveyard, does not mark the exact place of his grave. Erst der Naziideologe scheint dem … But he got carried away. I scanned the simple room quickly and began to descend, when my eye caught sight of a thin, two-by-two-foot crease in a corner of the ceiling. The yellow gleams like polished sunlight. He has decided to discover, through logic alone, essential truths that are not buttressed by political fears, social prejudices or theological conventions. I have a meeting I must attend. These are some of the ideas examined in The Spinoza Problem. Perhaps an encounter with the spirit of Spinoza. Spinoza’s portrait is fictional. This is my cousin, Franco Benitez, whom I've just brought from Portugal. As the final rays of light glance off the water of the Zwanenburgwal, Amsterdam closes down. And downstairs, the tiny Spinoza Museum was looted, sealed, and expropriated by an officer of the Rosenberg task force, who believed that its library could help the Nazis solve their "Spinoza problem." Bestselling novelist and psychiatrist Irvin Yalom explores the mindsets of Jewish philosopher Spinoza and Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg. I am but a merchant—", "He claims that if you had not been forced into business because of the death of your older brother and your father, you would have been the next great rabbi of Amsterdam. The twenty-five-year-old Johannes Vermeer takes a final look at his new painting, The Procuress. I'm sorry, but you are mistaken. I doubted that this small, sparse museum could bring me closer to Spinoza. Amazing!" The Nazis were here? Is that not so?". This poor judgment is not erased by having being elected class representative. First, the prostitute in a gloriously yellow jacket. The taskforce of Reich leader Rosenberg—that's Alfred Rosenberg, the major Nazi anti-Semitic ideologue. Good. And in thirty-six years his dark-circled eyes will appear bewildered and he will shake his head no when asked by the American hangman at Nuremberg, "Do you have any last words? Irvin Yalom revine cu un roman despre minţile a doi oameni care au intrat în istorie la trei secole distanţă unul de celălalt: filosoful olandez de secol XVII, Baruch Spinoza, şi Alfred Rosenberg, unul dintre ideologii nazismului şi un apropiat al That we must preserve our race and our culture.". "Keep our race pure," he had told them. He had a large correspondence, but after his death his colleagues followed his instructions and removed almost all personal comments from his letters. During World War II, Ro… A few meters from the canal, at Breestraat No. Das Interesse an dieser Frage entstand erstmals im Monat der Veröffentlichung seiner antisemitischen Schrift Der Mythus des 20. I had none of the material that ordinarily lends itself to narrative—no family dramas, no love affairs, jealousies, curious anecdotes, feuds, spats, or reunions. uh, sir, I spoke too hastily. I am only a merchant who operates a small business. For example, the castle of Epstein had noble connotations and belonged to a great family of the Holy Roman Empire, and its name was often selected by Jews living in its vicinity in the eighteenth century. It was there I had an epiphany. Have we failed you? About a fourth of Spinoza's major work, Ethics, is devoted to "overcoming the bondage of the passions." Jahrhunderts und seiner Wahl in den Reichstag im Oktober 1930. Jeudi 21 Juin 2012. He scans from right to left. We must talk to you. This is a book that will appeal more to the rational and analytical reader. When sixteen-year-old Alfred Rosenberg is called into his headmaster's office for anti-Semitic remarks he made during a school speech, he is forced, as punishment, to memorize passages about Spinoza from the autobiography of the German poet Goethe. Good. Greatly pleased, he signs his name with a flourish in the lower right corner. Though almost all forty members of his senior class had been there—mostly Baltic Germans with a sprinkling of Russians, Estonians, Poles, and Jews—Alfred had pointedly directed his campaign comments entirely to the German majority and stirred their spirits by speaking of their mission as keepers of the noble German culture. Darüber hinaus verliert die liebevolle Hommage auf Spinoza durch die Überbetonung des Alfred Rosenberg an Wirkung. But entering the museum, I was immediately disappointed. Yet I was stumped for years because I could not find the story that a novel requires—until a visit to Holland five years ago changed everything. Rosenberg was first introduced to Adolf Hitler by Dietrich Eckart and held several important posts in the Nazi government. Little is known about the psyche of either Baruch Spinoza or Alfred Rosenberg, yet using his extraordinary ability to peer into the minds of his patients, Dr. Yalom has produced a rare gem in existing literature. Beide Hauptfiguren sind gründlich recherchiert, jedoch eindeutig li… ", "I have personally done my family's genealogical research back for several centuries. I picked up one of the books—a sixteenth-century copy of the Iliad—and said, as I caressed it, "So this old storybook has its own story to tell.". ", Young Alfred hears the echoing sound of approaching footsteps in the corridor, and spotting Herr Schäfer, his advisor and German teacher, he bolts to his feet to greet him. Pirates intercepted his last shipment from Bahia, and there is no coffee, sugar, or cocoa. ", Spinoza nods solemnly. Have you? Last night's election speech! The secretary of the Dutch Spinoza Association and a leading Spinoza philosopher agreed to spend a day with me visiting all the important Spinoza sites—his dwellings, his burial place, and, the main attraction, the Spinoza Museum in Rijnsburg. In this museum? 57, only two blocks from the auction preparations at Rembrandt's home, a twenty-three-year-old merchant (born only a few days earlier than Vermeer, whom he would admire but never meet) prepares to close his import-export shop. You can see the report on the web, if you like—it's in the official Nuremberg documents. 31 December 1892] 1893 – 16 October 1946) was a Baltic German Nazi theorist and ideologue. In 1909, sixteen-year-old Alfred Rosenberg is called into his headmaster's office for making anti-Semitic remarks. No Jew would ever again speak to him, have commerce with him, read his words, or come within fifteen feet of his physical presence. "Irvin Yalom's The Spinoza Problem is an amazing novel that combines fact and fiction in a spell-binding manner. Spinoza In The Spinoza Problem, Irvin Yalom contrasts the courage and confidence of Spinoza with the insecurity and pettiness of Alfred Rosenberg. The Spinoza Problem: A Novel (Book Review) The connection and dialogue between these two men serve to convey Spinoza’s main ideas to the reader. Vermeer nods to his miniature self. It will be open. "What? Do you refuse a fellow Jew? Alfred Rosenberg (January 12, 1893–October 16, 1946) was one of the most influential Nazi intellectuals. His crime? Can we meet tomorrow? Other recent fiction on the subject includes Irvin Yalom’s 2012 The Spinoza Problem, which connected Spinoza’s life to the Nazi philosopher Alfred Rosenberg. "I did not say that. Separated in history by years, the lives of philosopher Baruch Spinoza and Nazi propagandist Alfred Rosenberg intertwine in fascinating and unexpected ways. The books just vanished for five years and turned up again in 1946 in a German salt mine. Alfred exhales, tries to shrink further into his chair, and hangs his head. He is punished by having to memorise passages from the autobiography of Goethe — and is stunned to discover that his idol was a great admirer of the seventeenth-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza. Wie in den beiden Vorgängern des Romans kann auch dieser als Einführung in das Leben und die Philosophie der titelgebenden Figur gesehen werden. Tomorrow midday? These are some of the ideas examined in The Spinoza Problem. Usant tot el seu bagatge professional, ha confegit una ficció empeltada d'assaig filosòfic, d'especulació històrica i d'estudi mèdic. Jacob interjects. 'Franco needs a helper, not a judge,' he said. Don't be a fool now.". Gruffly pushing aside the gawkers on the staircase, he steps outside the front door, inhales the salty air, and stumbles toward the corner tavern. ", "So then these books are twice removed from Spinoza?" Little is known about the psyche of either Baruch Spinoza or Alfred Rosenberg, yet using his extraordinary ability to peer into the minds of his patients, Dr. Yalom has produced a rare gem in existing literature. We need you. ", "No one knows. But how to write about a man who lived such a contemplative life marked by so few striking external events? Spinoza shakes his head. Inhaling the dusty air, Bento Spinoza identifies, with resignation, the fetid rat droppings accompanying the odor of dried figs, raisins, candied ginger, almonds, and chickpeas and the fumes of acrid Spanish wine. If they refused to pay, then they might receive ridiculous names, such as Schmutzfinger or Drecklecker. He was extraordinarily private, and he kept his own person invisible in his writing. Rosenberg is stunned to discover that Goethe, his idol, was a great admirer of the Jewish seventeenth-century philosopher Baruch Spinoza. '", "What talk is this? He doubts everything. He holds his chin high. ", I turned away from the library and gazed at the portrait of Spinoza hanging on the wall and soon felt myself melting into those huge, sad, oval, heavy-lidded eyes, almost a mystical experience—a rare thing for me. "Irvin Yalom's The Spinoza Problem is an amazing novel that combines fact and fiction in a spell-binding manner.
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